A carotid endarterectomy procedure can restore lost blood flow to the brain. Your carotid arteries are responsible for delivering blood to your face and brain, and there is an artery on both sides of your neck. Over time, fatty material can partially or fully block these arteries.
As a result of the blockage, the flow of blood to your brain can get cut off, and you could suffer a stroke. Carotid endarterectomy is a surgical procedure, and it’s used to treat a blocked carotid artery.
How the Procedure Works
Before the procedure can begin, you must be given an anesthetic. When the procedure begins, a catheter will be inserted into your artery. During the surgery, your blood will flow through the catheter and not the blocked artery. The surgeon will open up the artery and remove the buildup of plaque. The artery is then closed, and once again, blow will be able to flow to your brain.
When the procedure is performed, the activity of your heart will be monitored closely. The entire procedure can take about two hours, and when it’s finished, the surgeon will confirm that everything is working properly.
Why is a Carotid Endarterectomy Performed?
If a doctor has found a blockage in your carotid artery, a carotid endarterectomy could be the only way to correct the problem. In most cases, the procedure is recommended when the artery has been narrowed by more than 70 percent. Some patients are given medicine to lower their cholesterol, and blood thinners have the ability to reduce the risk of suffering a stroke.
How the Procedure Prevents a Stroke from Occurring
When a blockage prevents blood from flowing to your brain, a stroke can occur. You might also suffer a stroke when a blood vessel near your brain bursts. If a blood vessel bursts, your brain won’t be able to get the oxygen that it needs, and within a few minutes, you could suffer brain damage.
A buildup of plaque inside of your carotid artery creates the ideal environment for a stroke to occur. If a piece of the plaque breaks off, it could clog a blood vessel and cut off oxygen to your brain, which would have the same catastrophic effects.
A carotid endarterectomy can be very effective at preventing a stroke because it removes the dangerous buildup of plaque and restores blood flow to the brain.
Restore Blood Flow in Your Body
If you have a significant buildup of plaque inside of your carotid arteries, you could have a ticking time bomb inside of your body. The carotid endarterectomy procedure at Peripheral Vascular Associates could be the best way to eliminate the plaque and restore proper blood flow to your brain, so you can avoid suffering a stroke. We have locations in San Antonio, Boerne, Corpus Christi, Del Rio, Floresville, Hondo, Jourdanton, New Braunfels and Uvalde. Contact us today to schedule your appointment to learn more.